Efeito da Representação Feminina na Divulgação de Responsabilidade Social Corporativa: Análise Internacional do Setor Energético

Alan Bandeira Pinheiro, Thicia Stela Lima Sampaio, Ana Júlia Batistella, Wendy Witt Haddad Carraro

Resumo


Objetivo: Investigar o efeito da representação feminina na divulgação da responsabilidade social corporativa nas empresas internacionais do setor energético.

Método: A amostra é composta por 62 multinacionais do setor energético sediadas em 25 países. A variável dependente é a divulgação socioambiental e a variáveis independentes utilizadas são: participação feminina no conselho de administração, lei ou código no país sobre diversidade de gênero e retorno sobre patrimônio líquido. A pesquisa analisou 3 anos: 2016 a 2018.

Principais resultados: Os resultados indicam que existe uma influência positiva da maior quantidade de mulheres presentes no conselho e apontam, ainda, que a presença delas pode formar uma “massa crítica”, na qual elas se sentem confortáveis para opinar e influenciar a tomada de decisão. Conclui-se que a diversidade de backgrounds entre homens e mulheres colabora para as empresas reportarem relatórios ambientais mais completos.

Relevância/originalidade: O estudo apresenta novas evidências acerca do efeito da diversidade feminina na sustentabilidade empresarial, analisando o setor energético em diferentes ambientes institucionais. Além disso, a pesquisa analisa os resultados à luz da Teoria Crítica das Massas, trazendo uma nova direção para os estudos sobre RSC.

Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas: Os resultados são analisados através da Teoria das Massas Críticas, uma teoria sociopolítica ainda pouco relacionada à sustentabilidade empresarial. Os resultados podem auxiliar os gestores na elaboração de suas estratégias corporativas, ressaltando o papel da diversidade de gênero nos conselhos.

Palavras-chave: Responsabilidade Social Corporativa; Diversidade de gênero; Setor elétrico.


Palavras-chave


Multinacionais; Setor de Energia Elétrica; Responsabilidade Social Corporativa; Ambientes institucionais; Diversidade de gênero

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18568/internext.v16i2.629

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