A Relação entre Internacionalização e Inovação nas Multinacionais de Países Emergentes

Ana Claudia Bansi, Alisson Maxwell Ferreira de Andrade, Simone Vasconcelos Galina

Resumo


Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre o grau de internacionalização, a intensidade de P&D (IP&D) e a geração de patentes nas empresas multinacionais (EMNs) dos BRICS (Brasil, Rússia, Índia, China, África do Sul).

Método:  A amostra do estudo corresponde a 219 EMNs dos BRICS, cujos dados foram obtidos de 2002 a 2010 a partir de duas bases de dados: Thomson One Datastream e Compustat Data. Análises foram feitas por regressão múltipla.

Principais resultados: Os resultados encontrados foram (i) EMNs mais internacionalizadas são as que mais investem em P&D; (ii) IP&D impacta positivamente na solicitação de patentes; (iii) a internacionalização aumenta o IP&D, que por sua vez aumenta patentes. Os resultados diferem pelo tamanho das empresas, sendo os impactos da internacionalização na inovação maiores nas empresas menores, e o impacto do IP&D na geração de patentes maior nas empresas maiores.

Relevância/originalidade: Das várias formas de relação entre inovação e internacionalização a evidência de obtenção de conhecimento a partir da internacionalização é relativamente recente e, portanto, o impacto da internacionalização sobre a inovação tem sido foco de pesquisas mais atuais. Contudo, grande parte dos trabalhos focam em um só país, principalmente os países desenvolvidos. Portanto, é de grande relevância estudar este tema em países em desenvolvimento.

Contribuições teóricas: Este estudo contribui para avançar a literatura na área de internacionalização mostrando empiricamente, que, assim como nos países desenvolvidos, nos BRICS a internacionalização tem efeito positivo na inovação.

Contribuições para gestão: Mostra a necessidade de utilizar estratégia de expansão internacional como ferramenta para ampliar sua capacidade de investimento em inovação.


Palavras-chave


Internacionalização; Intensidade de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento; Geração de Patentes.

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18568/internext.v16i1.597

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